Smart Technologies and Urban Intelligence
Andre Dzikus, UN-Habitat
Ruibo Han, University of Maryland, USA
Emerging technologies such as geospatial technology, the Internet of Things, and artificial intelligence are driving cities to become smarter. A smart city aims to achieve sustainable urban development with urban intelligence, using information and communication technologies to optimize the efficiency of city operations and services and to connect with residents. Digital technology is already a basic part of city infrastructure, used for the deployment of new tools serving a Smart and Sustainable city. For example: smart monitoring technology is increasingly being used to investigate and address environmental concerns such as climate change and air pollution, the growing presence of sensors (Internet of Things) is widely used to collect data to build smart networks to improve public safety, and smart traffic management is employed to monitor and analyze real-time traffic to optimize travel patterns and to support decision-making. Technological literacy is crucial to turn a city into a connected, sustainable and resilient smart city, however there remain challenging questions in using urban intelligence in the initiatives to develop a smart city.
- Cyber-physical infrastructure addresses fundamental problems that involve data collection, dynamic resource allocation, real-time decision making, safety, and security, with emphasis on a balanced understanding of both physical and “cyber” components. How can a robust and responsive sensor network be developed to create the information infrastructure required for the inception of a smart city?
- What methods and tools for data-intensive computing and large-scale data management and analysis, such as Data Mining, Machine Learning, Database Management Systems, Data Fusion and Summarization, Spatial and Spatio-temporal Data Analysis, can be applied to monitor urban dynamics in Smart Cities?
- How can a smart urban plan for an environmentally sustainable city be designed and implemented by using and modeling interactions of humans, plants, animals, physical processes, urban infrastructure, and ecosystems?