Climate Change and Adaptation of the Built Environment
Claude Ngomsi, UN-Habitat
Yangfan Li, Xiamen University, China
In light of Climate Change trends projections and all the accompanying negative effects that possible impacts will bring, urgent actions are recommended by the most notable specialists of the world. There are two main lines of measures that can be implemented in the built environment to tackle issues. The first line consists of measures, designed to prevent the further rise of greenhouse gas emissions and therefore the worsening of Climate Change effects. These are measures such as the conversion to renewable sources of energy production, construction and promotion of mass public transport systems, promotion of cycling and walking as the means of urban mobility and construction of the required accompanying infrastructure, construction of energy and water efficient housing, etc. The second line of measures consists of measures designed adapt to those climate change impacts that we can expect. These are measures such as the construction of enhanced drainage in case of severe flooding events, rainwater-collection facilities in case of severe draught, disaster management centres, etc. How could the built environment be designed in order to be more resilient / adaptive to climate change and more efficient and sustainable? How could we reduce the carbon footprint of urban areas?
- What are the best and promising policies, rules and regulations, and practices fostering resilience of communities and build environment at local and national levels?
- How could developing countries avoid making the same past mistakes as the now developed world had made?
- How could urban mobility be transformed in order to be efficient and less polluting?
- How could scientific research, policy making, and construction skills be streamlined to increase people resilience to climate change in urban landscapes and human settlements?
- How could urban areas in the developing countries gain electricity without the use of fossil fuels?